Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry II, Volume 2: Transition Elements, Lanthanides and Actinides pages:641-673
Ionic liquids are solvents that consist entirely of ions. These nonvolatile and nonflammable solvents offer interesting opportunities for lanthanide and actinide chemistry. They can replace the organic phase in solvent extraction systems and can be used as nonaqueous electrolytes for electrodeposition of metals. Ionic liquids could find applications in the nuclear fuel cycle. Lanthanide coordination compounds or lanthanide-containing nanoparticles can be obtained via ionothermal or microwave-assisted synthesis in ionic liquids. Lanthanide-doped ionogels are a new type of luminescent hybrid materials. Ionic liquids can serve as solvents for lanthanide-mediated organic reactions, and there are several examples of high reactivity and selectivity.