Laboratory validation of a lateral flow device for the detection of CyHV-3 antigens in gill swabs
Vrancken, R × Boutier, M Ronsmans, M Reschner, A Leclipteux, T Lieffrig, F Collard, A Mélard, C Wera, S Neyts, Johan Goris, N Vanderplasschen, A #
Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press
Journal of Virological Methods vol:193 issue:2 pages:679-682
Cyprinid herpesvirus-3 (CyHV-3) induces the highly contagious koi herpesvirus disease (KHVD) and may result in significant economic losses to the ornamental and food-producing carp industry. Suspicion of KHVD is triggered by clinical signs and confirmed using laboratory techniques. The latter are labour- and time-consuming, require specialised equipment and trained personnel. For rapid, on-site detection of CyHV-3, a lateral flow device (LFD) was developed using two monoclonal antibodies directed towards the viral glycoprotein ORF65. The LFD was highly specific with analytical and diagnostic specificities of 100%. Analytical sensitivity ranged between 1.25×10(2) and 2.40×10(4) plaque forming units per ml for isolates originating from geographically distinct regions. In experimentally infected carp, CyHV-3 was detected as early as 4-5 days post infection. Diagnostic sensitivities of 52.6% and 72.2% relative to PCR were recorded, depending on the viral isolate used. When onset of mortality was taken as reference, diagnostic sensitivities increased to 67.0% and 93.3%. The diagnostic sensitivity for freshly found-dead animals was 100%, irrespective of the virus isolate used. Given the high specificity and ease-of-use for on-site detection of CyHV-3, the LFD was regarded fit for purpose as a first-line diagnostic tool for the identification of acute CyHV-3 infections in KHVD affected (koi) carp.