Molecular genetics and metabolism vol:110 issue:3 pages:342-344
A 4-month old boy presented with multiple epileptic seizure types including West syndrome. Screening for infectious and structural etiologies showed normal results. A metabolic investigation was undertaken to investigate the cause of his neurological disease. Screening for congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) by HPLC analysis of serum carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) showed a type 1 pattern with 18% disialotransferrin (reference<2%) and 2% asialotransferrin (reference 0). An undiagnosed 10-year old sister with a similar clinical history with infantile spasms at age 4months, intellectual disability and an autism spectrum disorder, also showed a type 1 CDT pattern. Both siblings lacked dysmorphic features and extra-cerebral symptoms. The boy had cytotoxic edema of the thalamus and mesencephalon on MRI at age 7months, whereas the girl had normal MRI at age 8months. Phosphomannomutase (PMM) and phosphomannose isomerase (MPI) activities in cultured fibroblasts were normal, excluding PMM2-CDG and MPI-CDG. Fibroblast lipid-linked oligosaccharide analysis was also normal, suggesting an early defect in glycan assembly. Sequence analysis of the dolichol kinase gene revealed a homozygous new missense mutation (p.M1?; c.2T>C) in both siblings. In conclusion, two siblings were demonstrated to suffer from DOLK-CDG (MIM 610768) and to be homozygous for a new mutation. They presented with West syndrome and so far show a purely neurological phenotype.