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Title: Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well-being in young adults
Authors: Kross, Ethan ×
Verduyn, Philippe
Demiralp, Emre
Park, Jiyoung
Lee, David Seungjae
Lin, Natalie
Shablack, Holly
Jonides, John
Ybarra, Oscar #
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Public Library of Sciene
Series Title: PLoS One vol:8 issue:8 pages:1-6
Article number: e69841
Abstract: Over 500 million people interact daily with Facebook. Yet, whether Facebook use influences subjective well-being over time is unknown. We addressed this issue using experience-sampling, the most reliable method for measuring in-vivo behavior and psychological experience. We text-messaged people five times per day for two-weeks to examine how Facebook use influences the two components of subjective well-being: how people feel moment-to-moment and how satisfied they are with their lives. Our results indicate that Facebook use predicts negative shifts on both of these variables over time. The more people used Facebook at one time point, the worse they felt the next time we text-messaged them; the more they used Facebook over two-weeks, the more their life satisfaction levels declined over time. Interacting with other people ‘‘directly’’ did not predict these negative outcomes. They were also not moderated by the size of people’s Facebook networks, their perceived supportiveness, motivation for using Facebook, gender, loneliness, self-esteem, or depression. On the surface, Facebook provides an invaluable resource for fulfilling the basic human need for social connection. Rather than enhancing well-being, however, these findings suggest that Facebook may undermine it.
ISSN: 1932-6203
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Quantitative Psychology and Individual Differences
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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