Congress of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology. edition:16 location:Germany date:23-25 May 2013
Movement capital concerns the set of individual characteristics and competencies that influence mobility chances in the labor market. The literature to date is fairly complex and scattered. Our aim is to introduce a theoretical framework for movement capital. In particular, we developed a matrix along two dimensions. The first dimension focuses on human capital; including skills, knowledge and attitudes, and social capital. The second dimension distinguishes between job-related, career-related and development-related aspects of movement capital.
In order to test our hypothesized model, 222 items of existing questionnaires concerning movement capital were used as input for an expert study. 29 experts were asked to sort these items into the categories of our theoretical framework. This Q-sorting technique was used in order to test for similarity between the categories and to test whether the items matched with the categories. The data were analysed by multidimensional scaling.
The hypothetical theoretical framework was confirmed and simplified by developing clusters of different categories (e.g. attitudes). The number of items was narrowed down to the indicators of these clusters.
Some categories were represented less by the existing scales, while other categories, such as attitudes, were overrepresented.
This study provides a framework for understanding movement capital.
With our theoretical framework we were able to create a structured view on different aspects of movement capital. It takes a broad view on movement capital into account.