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Title: Crop manuring and intensive land management by Europe’s first farmers
Authors: Bogaard, Amy ×
Fraser, Rebecca
Heaton, Tim
Wallace, Michael
Charles, Michael
Jones, Glynis
Evershed, Richard
Styring, Amy
Andersen, Niels
Arbogast, Rose-Marie
Bartosiewicz, László
Gardeisen, Armelle
Kanstrup, Marie
Maier, Ursula
Marinova, Elena
Ninov, Lazar
Schäfer, Marguerita
Stephan, Elisabeth #
Issue Date: Jul-2013
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Series Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America vol:110 issue:30 pages:1-6
Article number: www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1305918110
Abstract: The spread of farming from western Asia to Europe had profound long-term social and ecological impacts, but identification of the specific nature of Neolithic land management practices and the dietary contribution of early crops has been problematic. Here, we present previously undescribed stable isotope determinations of charred cereals and pulses from 13 Neolithic sites across Europe
(dating ca. 5900–2400 cal B.C.), which show that early farmers used livestock manure and water management to enhance crop yields.
Intensive manuring inextricably linked plant cultivation and animal herding and contributed to the remarkable resilience of these combined practices across diverse climatic zones. Critically, our findings suggest that commonly applied paleodietary interpretations
of human and herbivore δ15N values have systematically
underestimated the contribution of crop-derived protein to early farmer diets.
ISSN: 0027-8424
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Ecology, Evolution and Biodiversity Conservation Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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