Title: Changes in the Structure of Coal and Steel Industries under the ECSC (1952-1967): Was West Germany Kept 'Small'?
Authors: Poelmans, Eline # ×
Editors: Traflet, Janice
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: University of Mississippi * Department of History
Series Title: Essays in Economic & Business History vol:30 pages:5-30
Abstract: In 1951, six Western European countries founded the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), which they hoped would be a first step towards more European integration and which they hoped would provide a common legal framework for their coal and steel industries. The main aim of the ECSC was to make sure that the West German coal and steel industries would never again reach their pre-war capacities, which according to many had played a part in the coming of World War II. Another important aim was to forestall any attempt of the USSR to conquer West Germany. This article constitutes a case study of the regional concentration of the coal and steel industries in the six ECSC countries, and it investigates whether the importance of certain coal and steel producing regions within the ECSC changed between 1952 and 1967. Furthermore, an analysis is conducted of how the concentration ratios of the ECSC’s industries differed between the six countries, whether these differences changed over time, how this influenced the size and number of coal and steel firms and whether the ECSC succeeded in its initial aim of keeping West Germany small.
ISSN: 0896-226X
VABB publication type: VABB-1
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Research Center of Economic History, Leuven
Research Centre for Globalization, Innovation and Competition, Campus Brussels (-)
Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) - miscellaneous
Department of ECON-CEDON, Campus Brussels
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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