Tijdschrift voor Hoger Onderwijs vol:28 issue:2 pages:96-117
This study explores the differences in life values and philosophical orientation among college freshmen in different bachelor progams. Differences between programs and the relationship between life values and philosophical orientation were analyzed as well as the the relationship with person related factors like sex, educational, etnic-cultural and socio-economic background. In the top of the value hierarchy of the students we found a mix of self transcendance values (Atruisme and Universalism) and self enhancement values (Hedonism). Conservative values (Conformity, Security and Tradition) are situated at the bottom of the hierarchy. Differences between studies are found mainly along the dimension self enhancement versus self transcendence. Students differ also from each other in the importance they attach to philosophical orientation and religiosity. Just like life values reliogiosity is also related to the chosen study career. The exploration of the correlations between life values and philosophical inspiration reveals that religiosity is correlated positively with conservative values and negatively with hedonistic values. Life values and philosophical orientation are both related to sex and etnic-cultural backgrounds. In the discussion the main research results are summarized and methodological limitations are discussed. It is also pointed out that the survey results could be useful as materials in order to stimulate the reflection and the debate on diversity in the classroom.