Journal of liquid chromatography & related technologies vol:19 issue:12 pages:1893-1908
Five isocratic liquid chromatography (LC) methods have been examined for the separation of amoxicillin and its related substances on C-18 or C-8 columns. The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) assay method gave better selectivity. Similar selectivity was obtained not only on C-18 columns but also on C-8 and poly(styrene-divinylbenzene) columns. The good selectivity was confirmed by a second laboratory. A resolution test using cefadroxil was developed for the method performance. Based on the USP method, a gradient LC method was developed for the analysis of related substances in amoxicillin. This method has been proposed for the assay and purity control in the amoxicillin monographs of the European Pharmacopoeia and will be further examined in a collaborative study.