Mededelingen van de Levinas Studiekring vol:1 issue:11 pages:21-33
According to Levinas Western philosophy has been a reduction of the other to the same by interposition of a middle and neutral term that ensures the comprehension of being. This reduction of the other to the same has manifested itself mainly in the search for knowledge, in the search for truth. The subject of knowledge becomes the outstanding example of the Same or the event of identification. But this reduction is not only limited to the search for knowledge. It has infiltrated other levels of existence such as social life, politics, ethics, and also how we view conscience. The latter will be the main subject of my paper. We will try to illustrate this view of conscience by making use of Hannah Arendt’s conception of conscience and we will contrast it with the philosophy of Levinas.