This article explores the Russian ‘information culture’: how is information shared and used in Russia? While the focus is on nowadays Russia, the Soviet Union is included as well in order to detect change and continuity. In the Soviet Union, information was considered a privilege rather than a right while secrecy determined the general information climate. In post-Soviet Russia, the right to information is legally guaranteed, censorship is forbidden, and ‘state secrets’ are limited by law. In practice, however, secrecy and a lack of access to information is a much quoted problem by journalists and citizens alike. This ‘information culture’ is part of the environment the mass media have to work in, and have to cope with.