Progress in Energy and Combustion Science vol:39 issue:4 pages:383-402
Anaerobic digestion is an excellent technique for the energetic valorisation of various types of biomass including waste forms. Because of its complex nature, the optimisation and further process development of this technology go hand in hand with the availability of mathematical models for both simulation and control purposes. Over the years, the variety of mathematical models developed has increased as have their complexity. This paper reviews the trends in anaerobic digestion modelling, with the main focus on the current state of the art. The most significant simulation and control models are highlighted, and their effectiveness critically discussed. The importance of the availability of models that are less complex, which can be used for control purposes, is assessed. The paper concludes with a discussion on the inclusion of microbial community data in mathematical models, an innovative approach which could drastically improve model performance.