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Title: Partial albumen removal early during embryonic development of layer-type chickens has negative consequences on laying performance in adult life
Authors: Willems, Els ×
Wang, Yufeng
Willemsen, Hilke
Lesuisse, Jens
Franssens, Lies
Guo, Xiaoquan
Koppenol, Astrid
Buyse, Johan
Decuypere, Eddy
Everaert, Nadia #
Issue Date: Jul-2013
Publisher: Poultry Science Association
Series Title: Poultry Science vol:92 issue:7 pages:1905-15
Abstract: To examine the importance of albumen as a protein source during embryonic development on the posthatch performance of laying hens, 3 mL of the albumen was removed. At hatch, no difference in BW could be observed. Chicks from the albumen-deprived group had a lower residual yolk weight due to higher yolk utilization. During the rearing phase (hatch to 17 wk of age), the BW of the albumen-deprived pullets was lower compared with the control and sham pullets. The feed intake of the albumen-deprived pullets was also lower than the control pullets. However, during the laying phase (18 to 55 wk of age) these hens exceeded the control and sham hens in BW, although this was not accompanied by a higher feed intake. The albumen-deprived hens exhibited a lower egg production capacity as demonstrated by the reduced egg weight, laying rate, and egg mass and increased number of second grade eggs. In addition, the eggs laid by the albumen-deprived hens had a higher proportional yolk and lower proportional albumen weight. In conclusion, prenatal protein deprivation by albumen removal caused a long-lasting programming effect, possibly by differences in energy allocation, in favor of growth and maintenance and impairing reproductive performance.
URI: 
ISSN: 0032-5791
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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