Consciousness and Cognition vol:22 issue:3 pages:816-821
The resource-based model of self-regulation provides a pessimistic view of self-regulation that people are destined to lose their self-control after having engaged in any act of selfregulation because these acts deplete the limited resource that people need for successful
self-regulation. The cognitive control theory, however, offers an alternative explanation and suggests that the depletion effect reflects switch costs between different cognitive control processes recruited to deal with demanding tasks. This account implies that the depletion
effect will not occur once people have had the opportunity to adapt to the selfregulatory task initially engaged in. Consistent with this idea, the present study showed
that engaging in a demanding task led to performance deficits on a subsequent self-regulatory task (i.e. the depletion effect) only when the initial demanding task was relatively short but not when it was long enough for participants to adapt. Our results were unrelated
to self-efficacy, mood, and motivation.