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Title: Different pathways towards dropout: the role of engagement in early school leaving
Authors: Lamote, Carl ×
Speybroeck, Sara
Van Den Noortgate, Wim
Van Damme, Jan #
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis
Series Title: Oxford Review of Education vol:39 issue:6 pages:739-760
Abstract: In this study, we examine the development of student engagement in relation to dropout. We focus on different growth trajectories of engagement between groups of students and on whether these trajectories lead to differences in the survival of the student. The development of behavioural and emotional engagement of 4063 graduates and 541 (11.7%) dropouts is examined from Year 7 to Year 12 and this development is linked to the probability of dropping out in each grade by means of a discrete-time survival mixture model. For emotional engagement, results
point to a model with two different subgroups: one group starting at a high level of engagement and following a (relatively) stable pattern and the other group starting at a lower level of engagement and following a decreasing trend. For behavioural engagement, the results indicate that a three-class model showed the best fit: a high and (relatively) stable group, a high and decreasing group and a low and stable group. In terms of dropout, the unstable and low groups demonstrate a significantly higher probability of dropping out, as evidenced in the steep, declining survival curves. Different background variables are included to gain more insight into engagement and
dropout, and to predict membership in the low and decreasing class.
ISSN: 0305-4985
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Educational Effectiveness and Evaluation
Methodology of Educational Sciences
Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Campus Kulak Kortrijk – miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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