European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990) vol:26 issue:6 pages:674-9
221 patients with operable breast carcinoma stage Tis, T1, T2, T3, N0N1 were treated with radiotherapy alone without tumorectomy. The mean follow-up time was 15.5 years (range 5-22). The annual risk for local recurrence was 3% during the first 5 years and 1% during the following 10 years, resulting in an actuarial local control rate of 75.4% after 15 years. The risk for local recurrence was assessed in multivariate analysis and was significantly related to the size of the tumour measured on mammography (P = 0.0002), the radiation dose administered (P = 0.0018), the length of the split-course intervals being longer than 75 days (P = 0.001) and age (P = 0.019). Dose was related to response over a wide range as a function of tumour volume. All 18 patients with minimal tumour load (T0 and Paget's disease) treated with doses above 55 Gy in 6 weeks achieved local control. 5-year local control rates ranged from 40 to 100% for T1 carcinomas treated with 45-110 Gy, and from 0 to 95.3% for T2 carcinomas at the same dose. For T3 carcinomas local control varied between 50 and 83% at 60-110 Gy. The risk for local failure increased by 8% per cm tumour diameter. With exclusive radiotherapy, the doses needed to provide local control rates similar to those obtained after tumorectomy and irradiation are 10 Gy higher for T1 (95% 5 year control) and 35 Gy higher for T2 (90% 5 year control).