Title: Rain water runoff from porous building facades:implementation and application of a first-order runoff model coupled to a HAM model
Authors: Van den Brande, Thijs ×
Blocken, Bert
Roels, Staf #
Issue Date: Jun-2013
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Series Title: Building and Environment vol:64 pages:177-186
Abstract: Wind-driven rain (WDR) is one of the most important moisture sources for a building facade. Therefore, a reliable prediction of WDR loads is a prerequisite to assess the durability of building facade components. However, current state of the art Heat-Air-Moisture (HAM) models that are used to assess the moisture behaviour of building facades are still based on several simplifications. Important phenomena of WDR such as raindrop impact, absorption, evaporation and runoff are not yet taken fully into account. This paper presents the implementation and application of a rainwater runoff model coupled to a 2D HAM model. In the first part of the paper, the runoff model itself is briefly described and implemented. In the second part, the coupled runoff-HAM model is used to calculate absorption and runoff of WDR during a two-shower rain event on two different types of porous facades with different capillary absorption coefficient and capillary moisture content. The calculation is performed with a realistic distribution of the impinging WDR intensity, based on CFD simulations, and with meteorological data, on a 10- minute basis. The impinging rain water that cannot be absorbed by the material develops a water film on the surface and runs down along the wall. It is shown that runoff of WDR can have significant influence on the moisture behaviour of the facade, e.g. materials with low capillary absorption coefficients may absorb almost double the amount of impinging WDR when including runoff. Also the moistening time of the facade was to be found extended. To conclude some important notes are given for future development of runoff models.
ISSN: 0360-1323
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Building Physics Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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