Sacris Erudiri: a Journal on the Inheritance of Early and Medieval Christianity vol:51 pages:9-35
The present contribution offers the first critical edition of the Passio Pollionis (BHL 6869). The accompanying historical-literary introduction treats succintly Pollio’s hagiographical dossier, the Passio’s compositional context and its place in Pannonian hagiography. The text relates the martyrdom of Pollio, a lector in Cibalae (nowadays Vinkovci, Croatia), during the Great Persecution. It was written during the last decades of the 4th century, in Pannonia. The terminus post quem is inferred from the text itself (the mentioning of Valentinian I, probable allusions to Sextus Petronius Probus). The terminus ante quem is deduced from external evidence: on one hand, the 5th century Passio Donati, Venusti et Hermogenis (BHL 2309), which quotes from the Passio Pollionis; on the other hand, the celebration of Pollio’s cult in Ravenna in the last decade of the 4th century. The introduction also discusses the existence of a Greek version and the relationship with the Passio Irenaei Sirmiensis (BHL 4466). As far as textual transmission is concerned, the Passio Pollionis is extant in thirteen manuscripts, ranging from the 11th to the 15th century. They are classified in three families, identified through philological and chronological criteria. The present edition is based on a member of the second family, namely the 12th century Clm 4531, preserved at the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München.