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Title: Antireflux surgery after congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair: a plea for a tailored approach
Authors: Verbelen, Tom
Lerut, Toni
Coosemans, Willy
De Leyn, Paul
Nafteux, Philippe
Van Raemdonck, Dirk
Deprest, Jan
Decaluwé, Herbert # ×
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Series Title: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery vol:44 issue:2 pages:263-268
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Preventive antireflux surgery (ARS) at the moment of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair has been suggested by some authors, particularly in subgroups with a liver herniated in the chest or patch requirement. We evaluated the incidence and associated factors of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and the need for subsequent ARS in our CDH patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our CDH database. Demographics, prenatal assessment of severity, prenatal treatment, type of repair, intraoperative findings and incidences of gastro-oesophageal reflux and ARS were recorded. RESULTS: CDH repair was performed in 77 infants between July 1993 and November 2009. Eight died after repair. Seven were lost to follow-up. The median follow-up was 4.0 (0.16–14.88) years. Fourteen of these 62 patients were prenatally treated with fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) because of severe pulmonary hypoplasia. After CDH repair, GERD was diagnosed in 31 patients. In all of them, medical antireflux treatment was started. Thirteen (42%) patients needed ARS at a median age of 64 (37–264) days. One year after starting medical treatment, 14 (45%) patients were completely off antireflux medication. In CDH subgroups with patch repair, liver herniated in the chest or previous FETO, the incidences of gastro-oesophageal reflux and ARS were 61 and 32%, 73 and 38% and 71 and 43%, respectively. Univariable analysis of associated potentially predisposing factors shows that patch repair, liver herniated in the chest, pulmonary hypertension, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation and FETO are associated with subsequent ARS. On multivari- able analysis, liver herniated in the chest was the only independent predictor for both gastro-oesophageal reflux and ARS. CONCLUSIONS: Of all CDH patients, 50% developed gastro-oesophageal reflux and 21% required ARS. For both, liver in the chest was the only independent predictor. Routine ARS in certain subgroups at the time of CDH repair seems not to be justified. Foetal endolum- inal tracheal occlusion creates a new cohort of survivors with an increased risk for undergoing ARS. The surgical group, in particular, reflects a more complex gastro-oesophageal reflux physiopathology.
ISSN: 1010-7940
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Thoracic Surgery
Experimental Cardiac Surgery
Pregnancy, Foetus and Newborn (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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