American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:279 issue:21 pages:22490-7
SecA, the dimeric ATPase subunit of protein translocase, contains a DEAD helicase catalytic core that binds to a regulatory C-terminal domain. We now demonstrate that IRA1, a conserved helix-loop-helix structure in the C-domain, controls C-domain conformation through direct interdomain contacts. C-domain conformational changes are transmitted to the DEAD motor and alter its conformation. These interactions establish DEAD motor/C-domain conformational cross-talk that requires a functional IRA1. IRA1-controlled binding/release cycles of the C-domain to the DEAD motor couple this cross-talk to protein translocation chemistries, i.e. DEAD motor affinities for ligands (nucleotides, preprotein signal peptides, and SecYEG, the integral membrane component of translocase) and ATP turnover. IRA1-mediated global co-ordination of SecA catalysis is essential for protein translocation.