Perception results from ongoing interactions between stimulus-driven visual processes and cognitive context. These reciprocal relations are emphasized when a visual stimulus is degraded, forcing the perceiver to fill the missing information in, based on internal representations. The neural mechanisms by which internal representations facilitate visual perception are still unclear. Here we investigated the role of EEG oscillations in the gamma band, thought to reflect the elaboration of internal visual representations, in the experience-based perception of visual scenes. Twelve subjects were trained with degraded images of natural scenes. EEG was recorded while they performed a detection task on trained and untrained degraded stimuli. Non-phase-locked gamma band responses in a large frequency spectrum (55-85 Hz) were observed around 200 ms post-stimulus onset at posterior sites, and were larger when subjects reported an accurate perception based on previous experience. These results suggest that mid-latency gamma oscillations in the visual cortex underlie the experience-based perception of visual scenes.