PEPT study of particle motion for different riser exit geometries
Chan, Chian Wen Brems, Anke Mahmoudi, Shiva Baeyens, Jan Seville, Jonathan Parker, David Leadbeater, Thomas Gargiuli, Joseph #
Particuology vol:8 issue:6 pages:623-630
Laboratory and industrial risers are equipped with exits of many different layouts, and numerous publications discuss the influence of riser exit geometry on local and overall solids hydrodynamics in the riser. The present paper reviews literature findings—mostly based upon indirect experimental techniques and often somewhat contradictory. Direct measurement of particle velocity and particle occupancy near and in the riser exit provide a better indication of the effect of riser exit geometry. Positron Emission Particle Tracking (PEPT) was used in this work for the first time to investigate the exit region of the riser. An abrupt or sharp exit causes particles to be knocked out of the gas flow, so forming a recirculation or reflux region in the upper part of the riser. This is much less pronounced with a curved or gradual exit.