SSSR edition:18 location:FloridSt. Pete Beach, Florida, US date:11-16 July 2011
Purpose: Recent research with young dyslexic adults indicated that the ability to encode phoneme position might be a crucial factor when describing the quality of phonological representations. The results from a nonword repetition (NWR) task showed that dyslexic young adults didn’t differ from matched controls at the level of phoneme retention but performed significantly worse on the retention of the phonemes’ serial position within the syllable (Geudens, Schraeyen & Sandra, SSSR 2010). As masses of research data highlight the importance of high-quality phonological representations already in early reading development, we will report the results of a study in which the NWR test was administered to young children in this phase. Method: NWR (Scheltinga, 2003) data of 50 Dutch-speaking dyslexic and 50 non-dyslexic children (mean age 9;0) will be analysed with respect to the retention of both the phonemes themselves and their position, using logistic and linear mixed effects models (MLE) for correct responses and error analyses. Theoretical importance: If our results with young adults can be replicated - a significant difference between dyslexics and non-dyslexics on the retention of phonemes’ serial position within the syllable – we will have shown that memory for serial position is a key factor in explaining the difference between the quality of dyslexics’ and non-dyslexics’ phonological representations. In contrast with young adults, we might also find a phoneme retention effect, reflecting the limited orthographic knowledge of these young readers. Theoretical implications will be discussed.