Nederlandsch Genootschap voor Internationale Zaken
Internationale Spectator: Tijdschrift voor Internationale Politiek vol:61 issue:3 pages:156-158
Dirk Rochtus argues that America's war against Iraq has shuffled the cards in the Middle East. The fall of Saddam's Sunnite and Arabic nationalistic regime displayed the ethnic and sectarian faultlines in Iraq. Now the country is the first Arab Shia state. The 'Shia Revival', which also strengthens the position of Iran as a regional power, perturbs the Sunnite neighbour states. Iraq is also becoming a federal state. Turkey fears the influence of a Kurdish federated state or even a Kurdish state (in case Iraq breaks apart) on its own Anatolian Kurds. The ethnic and sectarian tensions within Iraq are interwoven with the geopolitical tensions in the Middle East.