Journal of Applied Social Psychology vol:43 issue:6 pages:1342-1352
To explore the motivational potential of job design, we link job demands and job resources, as defined in the job demands-resources model, to the motivational process defined in self-determination theory. Specifically, we introduce basic need satisfaction and autonomous motivation as consecutive process variables mediating the relationship between job design and work effort. We test this model by means of SEM in a sample of 689 employees. The comparison of several competing models provides support for the hypothesized model. We conclude that job demands thwart and job resources promote the fulfillment of three psychological needs. High levels of need satisfaction, in turn, are associated with autonomous motivation and therefore with high levels of effort.