The contribution of home and school environmental factors in explaining physical activity in adolescents
Haerens, Leen × Craeynest, Miet Deforche, Benedicte Maes, Lea Cardon, Greet De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse #
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Journal of Environmental and Public Health issue:Article ID 320372 pages:1-10
The present study aimed at investigating the influence of home, neighbourhood and school environmental factors on adolescents’ engagement in self-reported extracurricular physical activity and leisure time sports and on MVPA objectively measured by accelerometers. Environmental factors were assessed using questionnaires. Gender specific hierarchical regression analyses were conducted, with demographic variables entered in the first block, and environmental, psychosocial factors and interactions terms entered in the second block. Participation in extracurricular activities at school was positively related to the number of organized activities and the provision of supervision. Perceived accessibility of neighborhood facilities was not related to engagement in leisure time sports, whereas the availability of sedentary and physical activity equipment was. Findings were generally supportive of ecological theories stating that behaviors are influenced by personal and environmental factors that are constantly interacting.