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Title: Human and bovine granulocyte chemotactic protein-2: complete amino acid sequence and functional characterization as chemokines
Authors: Proost, Paul ×
Wuyts, Anja
Conings, R
Lenaerts, J-P
Billiau, Alfons
Opdenakker, Ghislain
Van Damme, Jozef #
Issue Date: Sep-1993
Publisher: Amer chemical soc
Series Title: Biochemistry vol:32 issue:38 pages:10170-7
Abstract: Tumor cells are capable of simultaneously producing a number of related inflammatory peptides, now classified as chemokines. We have isolated a new human granulocyte chemotactic protein (GCP-2), coproduced with interleukin-8 (GCP-1/IL-8) by osteosarcoma cells. Furthermore, the bovine homologue of human GCP-2 was purified from kidney tumor cells using the same isolation procedure. Both chemokines occur in at least four NH2-terminally truncated forms. These 5-6 kDa proteins do not differ in potency and efficacy as granulocyte chemotactic factors using a standard in vitro migration assay. The complete primary structures of human and bovine GCP-2 were disclosed by sequencing peptide fragments derived from the natural proteins. On the basis of the conservation of four cysteine residues, the two molecules are to be classified within the C-X-C chemokine family, including IL-8. Human and bovine GCP-2 are 67% similar at the amino acid level. Their sequences show only weak similarity with that of IL-8, and human GCP-2 does not cross-react in a radioimmunoassay for IL-8. Human and bovine GCP-2 are specific granulocyte chemotactic factors in that they do not attract human monocytes. Bovine GCP-2 is not species specific since it is at least as active as human GCP-2 on human granulocytes. Both chemokines can also activate postreceptor mechanisms leading to release of gelatinase B by granulocytes. This is indicative for a possible role in inflammation and tumor cell invasion.
ISSN: 0006-2960
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Molecular Immunology (Rega Institute)
Academic Center for General Practice
Laboratory of Immunobiology (Rega Institute)
Laboratory of Nephrology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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