Title: NKX2-1 activation by SMAD2 signaling after definitive endoderm differentiation in Human ESC
Authors: Li, Yong ×
Eggermont, Kristel
Vanslembrouck, Veerle
Verfaillie, Catherine #
Issue Date: 1-May-2013
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Series Title: Stem Cells and Development vol:22 issue:9 pages:1433-1442
Abstract: Expression of NKX2-1 is required to specify definitive endoderm to respiratory endoderm. However, the transcriptional regulation of NKX2-1 is not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that aside from specifying undifferentiated hESC to definitive endoderm, high concentrations of Activin-A are also necessary and sufficient to induce hESC-derived definitive endodermal progeny to a FOXA2/NKX2-1/GATA6/PAX9 positive respiratory epithelial fate. Activin-A directly mediates the induction of NKX2-1 by interacting with ALK4, leading to phosphorylation of SMAD2, which binds directly to the NKX2-1 promoter and activates it's expression. Activin-A can be replaced by GDF11 but not TGF1. Addition of Wnt3a, SHH, FGF2, or BMP4 failed to induce NKX2-1. These results suggest that direct binding of Activin-A-responsive SMAD2 to the NKX2-1 promoter plays essential role during respiratory endoderm specification.
ISSN: 1547-3287
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Embryo and Stemcells (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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