Interleukin-8 production in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass - the influence of pretreatment with methylprednisolone
Jorens, P G × De Jongh, R De Backer, W Van Damme, Jozef Van Overveld, F Bossaert, L Walter, P Herman, A G Rampart, M #
Amer lung assoc
American review of respiratory disease vol:148 issue:4 pages:890-5
Pulmonary dysfunction caused by pulmonary neutrophil sequestration is a frequent postoperative complication in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. It is yet unclear whether treatment with corticosteroids in vivo in these patients can prevent complement-mediated neutrophil activation and sequestration in the lungs. Therefore, we conducted a prospective study in order to investigate whether methylprednisolone (MP) pretreatment (30 mg/kg) could influence the appearance of IL-8 (a recently discovered cytokine with potent neutrophil-chemotactic activity) in the peripheral circulation. We also studied the effects of MP pretreatment on the inflammatory parameters in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid 4 h postoperatively. Although peripheral neutropenia and the rise in IL-8 serum levels was less pronounced in MP-treated than in non-steroid-treated patients, there was no significant difference in albumin, total protein, concentrations of IL-8 and C3a, and the number of neutrophils in the BAL fluid between the two groups. However, when cultured in vitro, alveolar macrophages from patients treated with MP released significantly lower IL-8, both in basal conditions and after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide. Our results show that MP does not prevent (IL-8-mediated) pulmonary neutrophil infiltration after CPB, although it might affect certain aspects of the microvascular lung injury.