Title: Scambio, a novel guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho
Authors: Curtis, Christina ×
Hemmeryckx, Bianca
Haataja, Leena
Senadheera, Dinithi
Groffen, John
Heisterkamp, Nora #
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: BioMed Central
Series Title: Molecular Cancer vol:3
Article number: ARTN 10
Small GTPases of the Rho family are critical regulators of various cellular functions including actin cytoskeleton organization, activation of kinase cascades and mitogenesis. For this reason, a major objective has been to understand the mechanisms of Rho GTPase regulation. Here, we examine the function of a novel protein, Scambio, which shares homology with the DH-PH domains of several known guanine nucleotide exchange factors for Rho family members.
Scambio is located on human chromosome 14q11.1, encodes a protein of around 181 kDa, and is highly expressed in both heart and skeletal muscle. In contrast to most DH-PH-domain containing proteins, it binds the activated, GTP-bound forms of Rac and Cdc42. However, it fails to associate with V14RhoA. Immunofluorescence studies indicate that Scambio and activated Rac3 colocalize in membrane ruffles at the cell periphery. In accordance with these findings, Scambio does not activate either Rac or Cdc42 but rather, stimulates guanine nucleotide exchange on RhoA and its close relative, RhoC.
Scambio associates with Rac in its activated conformation and functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho.
ISSN: 1476-4598
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Non-KU Leuven Association publications
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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