Crkl enhances leukemogenesis in BCR/ABL P190 transgenic mice
Hemmeryckx, Bianca × van Wijk, A Reichert, A Kaartinen, V de Jong, R Pattengale, PK Gonzalez-Gomez, I Groffen, J Heisterkamp, N #
Cancer Research vol:61 issue:4 pages:1398-1405
The adapter protein Crkl has been implicated in the abnormal signal transduction pathways activated by the Bcr/Abl oncoprotein, which causes Philadelphia-positive leukemias in humans. To investigate the role of Crkl in tumorigenesis, we have generated transgenic mice that express human Crkl from the CRKL promoter. Western blot analysis showed a 4-6-fold overexpression of transgenic Crkl above endogenous crkl in two lines and increased constitutive complex formation between Crkl and C3G, an exchange factor for the small GTPase Rap1. This was associated with a significant increase in integrin-based motility of transgenic macrophages. Overexpression of Crkl was associated with increased incidence of tumor formation, and Rap1 was activated in a metastatic mammary carcinoma. The coexpression of Crkl and Bcr/Abl in mice transgenic for P190 BCR/ABL and CRKL markedly increased the rapidity of development of leukemia/lymphoma, decreasing the average survival by 3.8 months. These results provide direct evidence that Crkl plays a role in tumor development and is important in the leukemogenesis caused by Bcr/Abl.