Autocrine production of IL-10 mediates defective IL-12 production and NF-kappa B activation in tumor-associated macrophages
Sica, A × Saccani, A Bottazzi, B Polentarutti, N Vecchi, A Van Damme, Jozef Mantovani, A #
Amer assoc immunologists
Journal of Immunology vol:164 issue:2 pages:762-7
IL-12 is a central cytokine in the activation of inflammation and immunity and in the generation of Th1-type responses. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) from mouse and human tumors showed defective production of IL-12. Defective IL-12 production was associated with lack of p50/p65 NF-kappa B activation. TAM produced increased amounts of the immunosuppressive cytokine IL-10, Abs against IL-10 restored the defective capacity of TAM to produce IL-12, Our data suggest that during tumor growth an IL-10-dependent pathway of diversion of macrophage function can be activated into the tumor microenvironment and results in the promotion of the IL-10(+) IL-12(-) phenotype of TAM, Blocking IL-10, as well as other immunosuppressive cytokines present in the tumor microenvironment, such as TGF-beta, may complement therapeutic strategies aimed at activating type I antitumor immune responses.