Preliminary analysis of the psychometric proporties of the Portuguese version of the test of performance strategies (TOPSp) in athletes with disabilities
Bastos, Tania Lima × Corredeira, Rui Probst, Michel Fonseca, Antio Manuel #
European Federation of Adapted Physical Activity
European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity vol:5 issue:2 pages:7-22
The importance of psychological preparation in the success of athletes is well accepted. However, it still remains a lack of valid and reliable instruments to assess the athletes’ psychological skills. The goal of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of a preliminary Portuguese version of the Test of Performance Strategies (TOPSp) in athletes with disabilities. Seventy athletes (age M=33.3 yrs; SD=12.2 yrs) completed the TOPSp. The questionnaire was translated following the methodological suggestion of Vallerand (1989). The internal consistency of the subscales of the TOPSp was acceptable (α=.60-.81), with the exception of automaticity (α=.12) and activation (α=.44) in practice setting. The paired sample t-test between test and retest (n=12) showed no significant differences except to self-talk (competition) (t= -2.45, p≤0.05). Strong positive correlations between competition subscales (r=.70-.93) and most of the practice subscales (r=.74-.91) were found except to automaticity (r=.12) and activation (r=.52). Regardless of the problems found for the automaticity and activation practice subscales, the results showed acceptable internal consistency and temporal stability of the TOPSp, recommending its use to assess the psychological skills of Portuguese athletes with disabilities.