The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology vol:55 issue:1 pages:115-139
Three experiments investigated scene recognition across viewpoint changes, involving same/different judgements on scenes consisting of three objects on a desktop. On same trials, the comparison scene appeared either from the same viewpoint as the standard scene or from a different viewpoint with the desktop rotated about one or more axes. Different trials were created either by interchanging the locations of two or three of the objects (location change condition), or by rotating either one or all three of the objects around their vertical axes (orientation change condition). Response times and errors increased as a function of the angular distance between the standard and comparison views, but this effect was bigger for rotations around the vertical axis than for those about the line of sight or horizontal axis. Furthermore, the time to detect location changes was less than that to detect orientation changes, and this difference increased with increasing angular disparity between the standard and comparison scenes. Rotation times estimated in a double-axis rotation were no longer than other rotations in depth, indicating that alignment was not necessarily simpler around a "natural" axis of rotation. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that scenes, like many objects, may be represented in a viewpoint dependent manner and recognized by aligning standard and comparison views, but that the alignment of scenes is not a holistic process.