Multibody System Dynamics vol:27 issue:1 pages:3-19
This work is part of a project aimed to develop automotive real-time observers based on detailed nonlinear multibody models and the extended Kalman filter (EKF). In previous
works, a four-bar mechanism was studied to get insight into the problem. Regarding the formulation of the equations of motion, it was concluded that the state-space reduction
method known as matrix-R is the most suitable one for this application. Regarding the sensors, it was shown that better stability, accuracy and efficiency are obtained as the sensored magnitude is a lower derivative and when it is a generalized coordinate of the problem. In the present work, the automotive problem has been addressed, through the selection of a Volkswagen Passat as a case-study. A model of the car containing fifteen degrees of freedom has
been developed. The observer algorithm that combines the equations of motion and the integrator has been reformulated so that duplication of the problem size is avoided, in order to improve efficiency. A maneuver of acceleration from rest and double lane change has been
defined, and tests have been run for the “prototype,” the “model” and the “observer,” all the three computational, with the model having 100 kg more than the prototype. Results have shown that good convergence is obtained for position level sensors, but the computational cost is high, still far from real-time performance.