European Conference on Personality (ECP16) edition:16 location:Trieste (Italy) date:10-14 July 2012
Previous research has shown that child personality can be a risk factor for child outcome in the presence of specific parental behavior. The current study continues this research line by investigating whether differences in sibling problem behavior are explained by differences in child personality and/or differences in parenting.
Data from 467 families with two siblings (8 to 13 years old; mean difference in sibling age = 22.7 months) were analyzed. Mother and father rated personality characteristics and problem behavior of two of their children, and their own parenting behavior towards these children (negative behavioral and psychological control, warmth/support). Results from hierarchical multiple regression analyses, controlled for age difference and gender, showed for example a significant Benevolence by Psychological control interaction explaining Conduct problems: dissimilarity in siblings’ Benevolence was associated with a larger difference in Conduct problems, but only when mothers reported strong differences in Psychological control towards their two children.