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Title: Alveolar expansion itself but not continuous oxygen supply enhances postmortem preservation of pulmonary grafts
Authors: Van Raemdonck, Dirk ×
Jannis, Nicole
De Leyn, Paul
Flameng, Willem
Lerut, Antoon #
Issue Date: 8-Aug-1998
Series Title: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery vol:13 issue:4 pages:431-40; discussion 440-1
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: If lungs could be retrieved for transplant after circulatory arrest, the shortage of donors might be significantly alleviated. Great controversy still exists concerning the optimal mode of preservation of pulmonary grafts in these non-heart-beating donors. METHODS: Graft function was measured in an isolated room air-ventilated rabbit lung model during reperfusion with homologous, diluted (Hb +/- 8.0 g/dl) and deoxygenated (PaO2 +/- 40 mmHg) blood up to 4 h. Five groups of cadavers (n = 4 in each group) were studied: In the control group, lungs were immediately reperfused. In the other groups, cadavers were left at room temperature for 4 h after death with lungs either deflated (group 1), inflated with room air (group 2), or ventilated with room air (group 3) or 100% nitrogen (group 4). RESULTS: After 1 h of reperfusion, significant differences were noted between group 1 and groups 2, 3, and 4 in peak airway pressure (27 +/- 5 cm H2O vs. 15 +/- 1 cm H2O, 17 +/- 2 cm H2O, and 16 +/- 1 cm H2O, respectively; P < 0.05), in weight gain (137 +/- 24 vs. 31 +/- 7, 30 +/- 3, and 30 +/- 2%, respectively; P < 0.05), and in veno-arterial oxygen pressure gradient (9 +/- 5 vs. 95 +/- 13, 96 +/- 7 and 96 +/- 4 mmHg, respectively; P < 0.05). Also, wet-to-dry weight ratio at end of reperfusion was significantly different (10.2 +/- 1.0 vs. 6.0 +/- 0.3. 5.2 +/- 0.3 and 5.4 +/- 0.5, respectively; P < 0.05). No significant differences in any of these parameters were observed between groups 2, 3, and 4. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that: (1) pulmonary edema will develop in atelectatic lungs if reperfusion is delayed for 4 h after death; (2) postmortem room air-inflation is as good as ventilation in prolonging warm ischemic tolerance; (3) ventilation with room air is no different from that with nitrogen; (4) therefore, prevention of alveolar collapse appears to be the critical factor in protecting the warm ischemic lung from reperfusion injury independent of continuous oxygen supply.
URI: 
ISSN: 1010-7940
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Thoracic Surgery
Experimental Cardiac Surgery
Surgery - miscellaneous (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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