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Title: Pig domestication and human-mediated dispersal in western Eurasia revealed through ancient DNA and geometric morphometrics
Authors: Ottoni, Claudio *
Flink, Linus Girdland *
Evin, Allowen
Geörg, Christina
De Cupere, Bea
Van Neer, Wim
Bartosiewicz, László
Linderholm, Anna
Barnett, Ross
Peters, Joris
Decorte, Ronny
Waelkens, Marc
Vanderheyden, Nancy
Ricaut, François-Xavier
Rus Hoelzel, A
Mashkour, Marjan
Karimlu, Azadeh Fatemeh Mohaseb
Seno, Shiva Sheikhi
Daujat, Julie
Brock, Fiona
Pinhasi, Ron
Hongo, Hitomi
Perez-Enciso, Miguel
Rasmussen, Morten
Frantz, Laurent
Megens, Hendrik-Jan
Crooijmans, Richard
Groenen, Martien
Arbuckle, Benjamin
Benecke, Nobert
Vidarsdottir, Una Strand
Burger, Joachim
Cucchi, Thomas
Dobney, Keith
Larson, Greger # ×
Issue Date: Apr-2013
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Series Title: Molecular biology and evolution vol:30 issue:4 pages:824-32
Abstract: Zooarcheological evidence suggests that pigs were domesticated in Southwest Asia ∼8,500 BC. They then spread across the Middle and Near East and westward into Europe alongside early agriculturalists. European pigs were either domesticated independently or appeared so as a result of admixture between introduced pigs and European wild boar. These pigs not only replaced those with Near Eastern signatures in Europe, they subsequently also replaced indigenous domestic pigs in the Near East. The specific details of these processes, however, remain unknown. To address questions related to early pig domestication, dispersal, and turnover in the Near East, we analyzed ancient mitochondrial DNA and dental geometric morphometric variation in 393 ancient pig specimens representing 48 archeological sites (from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic to the Medieval period) from Armenia, Cyprus, Georgia, Iran, Syria and Turkey. Our results firstly reveal the genetic signature of early domestic pigs in Eastern Turkey. We also demonstrate that these early pigs differed genetically from those in western Anatolia that were introduced to Europe during the Neolithic expansion. In addition, we present a significantly more refined chronology for the introduction of European domestic pigs into Asia Minor that took place during the Bronze Age, nearly 1,000 years earlier than previously detected. By the 5(th) century AD, European signatures completely replaced the endemic lineages possibly coinciding with the demographic and societal changes during the Anatolian Bronze and Iron Ages.
ISSN: 0737-4038
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Forensic Biomedical Sciences
* (joint) first author
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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