Annual Yitzhak Rabin Memorial Conference in Political Science edition:7 location:Jerusalem date:14-16December 2012
There is a broad consensus in the literature that widespread and representative political participation is vital for democratic political systems. Previous research, however, has shown that gender and socio-economic inequalities with regard to political participation already appear early in adolescence and tend to be stable over the life-cycle. It is often assumed that these stratification patterns are transmitted from parent to child and that as a consequence inequalities will persist over time. The goal of the current paper is to investigate whether the transmission of participation can be moderated by socio-demographic variables as gender and socio-economic status. Therefore, we draw upon a representative study among 3,426 adolescents and both their parents in Belgium. Results indicated that the participation history of both mother and father has a strong effect on the participation intentions of the adolescents. No gender-specific transmission pattern was found. Contrary to our expectations, high-status families were not more effective in transmitting participation patterns than low-status families. Implications are discussed accordingly.