Title: Urinary metabolites after intravenous propofol bolus in neonates
Authors: Smits, Anne ×
Verbesselt, René
Kulo, Aida
Naulaers, Gunnar
de Hoon, Jan
Allegaert, Karel #
Issue Date: Jun-2013
Publisher: Edifor
Series Title: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics vol:38 issue:2 pages:97-103
Abstract: In neonates, propofol mainly undergoes hydroxylation to quinol metabolites with only limited glucuronidation. The aim of this study is to search for covariates of neonatal propofol biotransformation based on 24 h urine collections. In neonates receiving an intravenous propofol bolus for short procedural sedation, urine was collected during 24 h. Urinary propofol metabolites [propofol glucuronide (PG), 1- and 4-quinol glucuronide (QG)] were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography after a dual-step solid phase extraction combined with ultraviolet and fluorescence detection. Propofol metabolites, their contribution to total metabolite elimination and propofol glucuronide/quinol glucuronide (PG/QG) ratio were determined. The impact of continuous [postmenstrual age (PMA), postnatal age (PNA), body weight, propofol dose, creatinaemia] and dichotomous variables [PNA ≤ 7 days (yes/no), PNA ≥ 10 days (yes/no), hyperbilirubinaemia (yes/no), cardiopathy (yes/no)] on PG/QG ratio and on patients with low (≤10 %) vs. high (>10 %) urinary PG recovery were examined. Thirty-two neonates were included. Median total propofol metabolite recovery was 40.95 (2.01-129.81) % with PG/QG ratio 0.44 (0.01-5.93). PNA (dichotomous 7 days as well as 10 days) was a significant covariate of PG/QG ratio. Late PNA more frequently resulted in high urinary PG fraction. Significance was more pronounced with PNA 10 days as cut-off point for early neonatal life compared to 7 days. Age 10 days is pivotal in early life propofol metabolism. This confirms earlier documented propofol clearance studies. This is the first report of the modified quantification assay used to determine urinary propofol metabolites in neonates.
ISSN: 0378-7966
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Non-KU Leuven Association publications
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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