2012 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference pages:36-41
IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC) edition:8 location:Seoul date:9-12 October 2012
In traction applications, electrical drivetrain components
are subjected to unpredictable load and temperature
variations depending on the driving cycle and ambient conditions. As performance and power density requirements are getting increasingly stringent, the power electronic devices and electromagnetic actuators are stressed heavily due to temperature cycling effects and face the risk of overheating, compromising lifetime and reliability. To protect the drivetrain from thermally induced failure, a model-based thermal management strategy is proposed in this paper. Critical component temperatures are calculated online with a combined loss and thermal model and are limited progressively by applying constraints to loss-influencing operating variables. Starting from the requested torque, the dq-current setpoint calculation is formulated as a constraint optimization problem in order to protect all drivetrain components while maximizing overall efficiency over the entire torque speed operating range, including field weakening at elevated speed. Unlike conventional approaches, which are often adhoc or based on de-rating, the proposed strategy allows the drivetrain to operate safely at maximum performance limits, without unnecessarily degrading performance.