Journal of engineering mechanics-asce vol:130 issue:12 pages:1377-1393
dThis work focuses on the coupling of a validated source model for free field traffic-induced vibrations to a receiver model that enables one to predict the response of buildings, accounting for dynamic soil-structure interaction. The resulting model is validated by means of in situ measurements, that have been performed in and around a single-family dwelling during the passage of a truck with known characteristics at speeds between 23 km/h and 58 km/h on joints between plates of the concrete pavement and on a plywood unevenness installed on the road. Simultaneous vibration measurements have been performed with a mobile data acquisition system on the truck's axles. The objective of part I of this paper is to present the validation of the source model. The characteristics of the vehicle and the road unevenness are discussed, and the vehicle response is validated. The response is independent of the vehicle speed for the passage on the joints, whereas, for the passage on the plywood unevenness, the vibrations increase with the vehicle speed. The dynamic road-soil interaction problem is subsequently solved. Special consideration is given to the determination of the dynamic soil characteristics using the spectral analysis surface wave and seismic cone penetration test methods and to the validation of the transfer functions in the soil. The free-field incident wave field is finally validated. This incident wave field is used in part 11 of the paper to predict and validate the response of the single family dwelling.