Title: Contamination of nanoparticles by endotoxin: evaluation of different test methods
Authors: Smulders, Stijn
Kaiser, Jean-Pierre
Zuin, Stefano
Van Landuyt, Kirsten
Golanski, Luana
Vanoirbeek, Jeroen
Wick, Peter
Hoet, Peter # ×
Issue Date: Nov-2012
Publisher: BioMed Central
Series Title: Particle and Fibre Toxicology vol:9 issue:1
Article number: 41
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Nanomaterials can be contaminated with endotoxin (lipopolysaccharides, LPS) during production or handling. In this study, we searched for a convenient in vitro method to evaluate endotoxin contamination in nanoparticle samples. We assessed the reliability of the commonly used limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) assay and an alternative method based on toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 reporter cells when applied with particles (TiO2, Ag, CaCO3 and SiO2), or after extraction of the endotoxin as described in the ISO norm 29701.
RESULTS: Our results indicate that the gel clot LAL assay is easily disturbed in the presence of nanoparticles; and that the endotoxin extraction protocol is not suitable at high particle concentrations. The chromogenic-based LAL endotoxin detection systems (chromogenic LAL assay and Endosafe-PTS), and the TLR4 reporter cells were not significantly perturbed.
CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that nanoparticles can interfere with endotoxin detection systems indicating that a convenient test method must be chosen before assessing endotoxin contamination in nanoparticle samples.
ISSN: 1743-8977
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Biomaterials - BIOMAT
Occupational, Environmental and Insurance Medicine (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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