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Title: Testing theories of post-error slowing
Authors: Dutilh, Gilles ×
Vandekerckhove, Joachim
Forstmann, Birte U.
Keuleers, Emmanuel
Brysbaert, Marc
Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan #
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Series Title: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics vol:74 issue:2 pages:454-465
Abstract: People tend to slow down after they make an
error. This phenomenon, generally referred to as post-error
slowing, has been hypothesized to reflect perceptual
distraction, time wasted on irrelevant processes, an a priori
bias against the response made in error, increased variability in a priori bias, or an increase in response caution.
Although the response caution interpretation has dominated
the empirical literature, little research has attempted to test
this interpretation in the context of a formal process model.
Here, we used the drift diffusion model to isolate and
identify the psychological processes responsible for posterror slowing. In a very large lexical decision data set, we
found that post-error slowing was associated with an
increase in response caution and—to a lesser extent—a
change in response bias. In the present data set, we found
no evidence that post-error slowing is caused by perceptual
distraction or time wasted on irrelevant processes. These
results support a response-monitoring account of post-error
slowing.
ISSN: 1943-3921
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Quantitative Psychology and Individual Differences
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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