Highly conserved gene order and numerous novel repetitive elements in genomic regions linked to wing pattern variation in Heliconius butterflies
Papa, Riccardo × Morrison, Clayton M Walters, James R Counterman, Brian A Chen, Rui Halder, Georg Ferguson, Laura Chamberlain, Nicola Ffrench-Constant, Richard Kapan, Durrell D Jiggins, Chris D Reed, Robert D McMillan, William O #
BMC Genomics vol:9 pages:345-360
With over 20 parapatric races differing in their warningly colored wing patterns, the butterfly Heliconius erato provides a fascinating example of an adaptive radiation. Together with matching races of its co-mimic Heliconius melpomene, H. erato also represents a textbook case of Müllerian mimicry, a phenomenon where common warning signals are shared amongst noxious organisms. It is of great interest to identify the specific genes that control the mimetic wing patterns of H. erato and H. melpomene. To this end we have undertaken comparative mapping and targeted genomic sequencing in both species. This paper reports on a comparative analysis of genomic sequences linked to color pattern mimicry genes in Heliconius.