Journal of Applied Physics vol:97 issue:9 pages:094911
The propagation of guided elastic waves in porous materials saturated by air under Lamb conditions is studied theoretically and experimentally. The modes are derived from expressing the boundary conditions on the normal and tangential stresses and the displacements at the interfaces between the porous layer and the surrounding fluid. The stresses and the fluid pressure inside the porous medium are obtained from Biot's equations of poroelasticity. Symmetrical and antisymmetrical modes are found when the porous layer is loaded by the same fluid on both sides. Damping mechanisms include viscous and thermal exchanges between the solid and the fluid, in addition to the classical structural damping. Using an experimental setup based on the generation of standing waves in the layer and taking the spatial Fourier transform of the displacement profile, the phase velocities of three modes were measured for two porous materials in a frequency range between 80 Hz and 4 kHz. The measurements confirm the theoretical predictions and provide information on the shear modulus of a sound-absorbing material in a wide frequency range. (C) 2005 American Institute of Physics.