This paper describes different experimental techniques for obtaining modal parameters of structures. Attention is focused on those techniques that may be applicable to in situ concrete structures (e.g. bridges). In a first stage, experiments are made on reinforced concrete beams of 6 meters length. The beams are excited using three types of excitation methods: impact hammer excitation and two different electromagnetic shaker signals: pseudo-random and swept-sine signals. The modal parameters are determined either by performing curve-fitting procedures on series of measured frequency response functions or by applying the stochastic subspace identification technique to the time response signals of the structure. The influence of the non-linear behaviour of the concrete beams is investigated by performing measurements at different excitation amplitudes.