Steel Research International vol:77 issue:5 pages:317-323
A time-dependent thermochemical model has been developed for the electric arc furnace (EAF) process for stainless steel production. Time dependency is implemented by a stepwise input of energy and matter into an equilibrium reactor. The equilibrium calculations are performed using data from FACT-databases and implemented using the programming library ChemApp. The material input for the model was generated by reconciliation of industrial data and the energy input is approximated from the industrial data and scaled through an efficiency factor. The model is used to calculate the evolution of temperature and composition of gas, slag and metal phases with time. Agreement of the end composition in the metal phase with industrial data is good. In the slag phase, however, Cr, Fe, Mn and Si are oxidized significantly less than expected due to excess formation of CO-gas. The dynamics of the slag composition are examined in more detail. Here a fair agreement is reached for the main slag components. However, for Cr, Fe and Mn the model cannot predict the dynamics, which seem to be strongly kinetically controlled. The results of the equilibrium model can thus provide some insight into the kinetics of the process.