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Title: The Physical and Cultic Landscape of the Northern Nile Delta according to Pyramid Texts Utterance 625
Authors: Willems, Harco
Series Editors: Guermeur, Ivan
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Brepols
Series Title: Bibliothèque de lEcole des Hautes Etudes. Sciences religieuses vol:156
Host Document: "Parcourir l'éternité." Hommages à Jean Yoyotte II edition:1st pages:1097-1107
Abstract: A hitherto obscure passage in Pyramid Texts utterance 625 mentions a cult place called Geregbauf. It is argued that this sanctuary lay in the neighbourhood of Busiris, that it was dedicated to the cult of the crocodile god Sobk, and that it is depicted in a scene from the Weltkammer in the solar temple of Niuserre at Abu Gurob. This scene not only shows what the temple looked like, but also its environment. It shows that the shrine stood on an island alongside a branch of the Nile.It had not before been recognized that the island is connected to an area elsewhere (not preserved in the scene) by a dyke, and that the area behind the dyke is also flooded. Undoubtedly, the dyke is therefore a part of the agriculturale infra-structure of a basin that was flooded annually in the summer.The interpretation is bolstered by an analysis of thebehavioural patterns of the fish (mullets) depicted in the scene. The most significant conclusion of the article is that the Geregbauf shrine lay at the edge of an artificial irrigation basin. Since the scene discussed dates to the fifth dynasty, Schenkel's suggestion that artificial basins were only created in the First Intermediate Period in response to catastrophically low floods is proved wrong, and offers a new point of departure for studies of Egypt's early economy.

The scene depicts a situation during the Nile flood, and makes clear that the
ISBN: 978-2-503-54756-5
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IHb
Appears in Collections:Near Eastern Studies @ Leuven

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