A numerical model for ground-borne vibrations from underground railway traffic based on a periodic finite element-boundary element formulation
Degrande, Geert × Clouteau, D Othman, R Arnst, M Chebli, H Klein, R Chatterjee, P Janssens, B #
Academic press ltd elsevier science ltd
Journal of sound and vibration vol:293 issue:3-5 pages:645-666
A numerical model is presented to predict vibrations in the free field from excitation due to metro trains in tunnels. The three-dimensional dynamic tunnel-soil interaction problem is solved with a subdomain formulation, using a finite element formulation for the tunnel and a boundary element method for the soil. The periodicity of the geometry in the longitudinal direction of the tunnel is exploited using the Floquet transform, limiting the discretization to a single-bounded reference cell. The responses of two different types of tunnel due to a harmonic load on the tunnel invert are compared, both in the frequency-wavenumber and spatial domains. The first tunnel is a shallow cut-and-cover masonry tunnel on the Paris metro network, embedded in layers of sand, while the second tunnel is a deep bored tunnel of London Underground, with a cast iron lining and embedded in the London clay. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.